Fire Protection Standard

A fire protection standard is a document with mandatory provisions to indicate requirements for planning, installation and maintenance of fire extinguishing systems (such as sprinkler systems, water mist -, gas – and foam systems). Overall requirements demanded from the components, such as performance, specifications and listings, is to some degree included.

Fire protection standards can be written by independent organizations (NFPA, VDS, BSi etc.), insurance associations (CEA) or State authorities (CNBOP, OKF etc.) to minimize the possibility and effects of fires.

The standards are primarily used in the country of origin, but other countries can adopt a standard in lieu of their own.

Standard writers Country of origin
NFPA, National Fire Protection Association USA
VdS, Vertrauen durch Sicherheit Germany
BS, British Standard England
AS, Australian Standard Australia
UNI, Italian Standards Italy
CEN, European Committee For Standardisation EU countries
CEPREVEN, Centro Nacional de Prevención de Danõs y Pérdidas Spain
APSAD, Assemblee Pleniere des Societes d'Assurances Dommages France
SAC, Standardization Administration of China China
NPB, Norms of Fire Safety Russia
SABS, South African Bureau of Standards South Africa
SBF, Svenska Brandskyds Förening Sweden
DBI, Dansk Brand- og sikringsteknisk Institut Denmark

European countries intend to harmonize the EN standards all over Europe, instead of having individual fire standards in each country.
A fire protection standard typically  describes :
-          the planning (buildings, hazard types, design criteria, water supplies, components)
-          the installation (type, design characteristics, pipe-work, commissioning)
-          the maintenance (user inspection and test, service and maintenance schedule)
The building owner will decide the standard to be used in collaboration with his insurance company and local authority having jurisdiction (AHJ). The insurance company will have a major influence as to which standard will be used to ensure proper functionality and quality, since the insurance company will try to minimize damages and loss of human lives.