The static pressure of a HVAC system is the pressure that is not provided by the circulator pump. There are two types of systems: open systems and pressurized systems. In open systems, the static pressure depends on the geodetic height of the system.
Open systems: The static pressure is defined as the difference in static pressure between the highest-placed open water level and the water outlet level.
Pressurized systems: These typically has a pressure expansion tank, often with a rubber membrane, which separates the compressed gas and the water in the system.
The static pressure has a significant influence on pumps and valves. If the static pressure is too low, the risk of cavitation increases, especially at high temperatures. Grundfos supplies circulator pumps that meet requirements for all open and pressurized systems.